The Israel-Palestine conflict is perceived to be one of the most intractable conflicts in the world. The world’s only Jewish state has been facing internal strife since the World Wars. While there have been moderate and extremist views on both the ends on the claims of land, this bloody conflict claimed many lives and had reached an impasse from where the future seems to be bleak and unclear.
Crux of the Problem:
A war-torn Jewish community riled up under the Zionist ideology to establish its state in Palestine. After the World War- I with the eventual takeover of Palestinian region by the British from the then Ottoman Empire, persecuted Jews all over the world started to take refuge in these lands and settling down near the holy capital of Jerusalem.
As the influx of the Jews to Palestine increased after the rise of Nazi, Palestinian Arabs in the region grew wary of the threat to their homeland. When the British ended its mandate in the year 1947, it proposed a two-state settlement of the issue. Jewish people accepted the proposal and declared the independence of Israel. Arabs felt that the establishment of Israel as a conspiracy to drive them out and consequently declared war. The disputed boundaries of the Palestinian settlements, now seen in the maps, is an outcome of two bloody hostilities in 1947 and then in 1968. Israel emerging victorious in the years of war established its control over the Arab-major territory namely West Bank and Gaza Strip. Palestinian group Hamas resorted to terrorist activities in the region which led to another heavy-handed military cracked down during 2014.
The two-state theory looked like an obvious solution to the problem. But the geographically separated the Arab population and Jewish population made it difficult to draw the lines between the two independent states.
One state solution which might not have been an ideal one looked promising but could not be implemented efficiently because of the demographical disparities. While the Jewish people had issues of security, Arabs feared persecution by the Majoritarian state.
Constitutional Remedy –Constitutional Democracy:
The solution is no more about where to draw the line between the communities but how to unite them. The Moderates of the country feel the need to establish a constitutionally based assurance laws for the safety of the Minorities of the nation. Rule of Law and equitable distribution of resources and rights that ensured the safety of both communities.
The solution is not to dissolve the unique ethnic or religious identities but to understand the differences and sustain peace in the region. Democracy which might sound like the power of the numbers must have the caveat of the constitution to uphold the rule of law and equality among various groups where each one of them were entitled to all human rights including religious freedom. “Constitutional democracy” with the idea of democracy at heart and constraints of constitutional principles would be the way forward.